UAE History The United Arab Emirates is a constitutional federation of seven emirates; Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. The federation was formallyestablished on 2 December 1971. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) occupies an area of 83,000 sq km along the south-eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar lies to the west, Saudi Arabia to the south and west, and Oman to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the federation, Abu Dhabi, is located in the emirate of the same name. Four-fifths of the UAE is desert, yet it is a country of contrasting landscapes, from awe-inspiring dunes to rich oases, precipitous rocky mountains to fertile plains. The United Arab Emirates, one of the worlds fastest growing tourist destinations, has all the right ingredients for an unforgettable holiday, sun, sand, sea, sports, unbeatable shopping, top-class hotels and restaurants, an intriguing traditional culture, and a safe and welcoming environment. Name in Arabic Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah The Official Specifications of the Emblem of the United Arab Emirates The Emblem of the state is represented by a falcon in the center of which is a yacht sailing on the crest of four waves. The claws of the falcon hold a base board rectangular shape bearing the name of the United Arab Emirates. The Official Specifications of the National Flag of the United Arab Emirates The National Flag off the United Arab Emirates, as adopted by the Union Decree No. 4 on the Tenth of Shawal 1391 A.H. (Second of December 1971), is rectangular in shape and consists of four colors: Red, Green, White and Black. Description of the Flag It is rectangular in shape; its length doubles its width, and is divided into four rectangular parts. The first is Red in color constituting the area nearest to the mast, its length being equivalent to the height of the flag, while its width is one quarter of the length of the entire flag. The other three parts constitute the remaining area of the flag which are in the shape of three equal horizontal rectangles. The top most rectangular part is green; the middle is white and the lower black in color.